SWASTIKA GRAFFITI/CROSS BURNING CRIME
LAWS OF NEW YORK, 2006
EXPLANATION--Matter in italics is new; matter in brackets [
AN ACT to amend the penal law, in relation to aggravated harassment in the first degree
Became a law June 7, 2006, with the approval of the Governor. Passed by a majority vote, three-fifths being present.
The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:
Section 1. Section 240.31 of the penal law, as amended by chapter 958 of the laws of 1983 and the opening paragraph as amended by chapter 107 of the laws of 2000, is amended to read as follows:
§240.31 Aggravated harassment in the first degree.
A person is guilty of aggravated harassment in the first degree when with intent to harass, annoy, threaten or alarm another person, because of a belief or perception regarding such person's race, color, national origin, ancestry, gender, religion, religious practice, age, disability or sexual orientation, regardless of whether the belief or perception is correct, he or she:
1. Damages premises primarily used for religious purposes, or acquired pursuant to section six of the religious corporation law and maintained for purposes of religious instruction, and the damage to the premises exceeds fifty dollars; or
2. Commits the crime of aggravated harassment in the second degree in the manner proscribed by the provisions of subdivision three of section 240.30 of this article and has been previously convicted of the crime of aggravated harassment in the second degree for the commission of conduct proscribed by the provisions of subdivision three of section 240.30 or he or she has been previously convicted of the crime of aggravated harassment in the first degree within the preceding ten years; or
3. Etches, paints, draws upon or otherwise places a swastika, commonly exhibited as the emblem of Nazi Germany, on any building or other real property, public or private, owned by any person, firm or corporation or any public agency or instrumentality, without express permission of the owner or operator of such building or real property; or
4. Sets on fire a cross in public view.
Aggravated harassment in the first degree is a class E felony.
§2. This act shall take effect immediately.
The Legislature of the STATE OF NEW YORK ss:
Pursuant to the authority vested in us by section 70-b of the Public Officers Law, we hereby jointly certify that this slip copy of this session law was printed under our direction and, in accordance with such section, is entitled to be read into evidence.
JOSEPH L. BRUNO SHELDON SILVER
Temporary President of the Senate Speaker of the Assembly