LAWS OF NEW YORK, 1999
CHAPTER 635

EXPLANATION—Matter in italics is new; matter in brackets [ ]
is old law to be omitted.

AN ACT to enact the clinic access and anti-stalking act of 1999; and to amend the criminal procedure law, the executive law, the family court act and the penal law, in relation to stalking; the penal law, in relation to the crime of stalking and further in relationship to the crime of criminal interference with health care services or religious worship; and to amend the civil rights law, in relation to authorizing permanent enjoinders of certain violations

Became a law November 22, 1999, with the approval of the Governor.
Passed on message of necessity pursuant to Article III, section 14 of
the Constitution by a majority vote, three-fifths being present.

The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
bly, do enact as follows:
Section 1. Short title. This act shall be known and may be cited as
the "clinic access and anti-stalking act of 1999."

§ 2. Legislative intent. The legislature finds and declares that
criminal stalking behavior, including threatening, violent or other
criminal conduct has become more prevalent in New York state in recent
years. The unfortunate reality is that stalking victims have been into-
lerably forced to live in fear of their stalkers. Stalkers who repeated-
ly follow, phone, write, confront, threaten or otherwise unacceptably
intrude upon their victims, often inflict immeasurable emotional and
physical harm upon them. Current law does not adequately recognize the
damage to public order and individual safety caused by these offenders.
Therefore, our laws must be strengthened to provide clear recognition of
the dangerousness of stalking.

The high correlation between stalking behavior and the infliction of
physical violence or sexual assault is demonstrated by two federal
studies. A recent FBI crime report shows that thirty percent of all
murdered women are killed by their husbands or boyfriends who stalked
them. A November 1997 National Institute of Justice study of stalking
found that eighty percent of stalking victims who were stalked by their
current or former intimate partner had, at some point in their relation-
ship, been physically assaulted by their partner and thirty-one percent
had been sexually assaulted by their partner. In recognition of the real
and substantial risk of harm associated with stalking behavior, 49
states have enacted anti-stalking laws.

In 1992, the Legislature took an important step towards recognizing
that stalking requires stronger enforcement measures by amending New
York's menacing and harassment sections to include stalking behavior
within the definition of these crimes. With this act, New York creates
the separate crime of stalking. This act will protect victims by provid-
ing real and effective sanctions for stalking conduct even at its earli-
est stages. It will also provide increased penalties for repeat offen-
ders, for those offenders who stalk children, for those offenders who
possess weapons when stalking, and for those offenders who commit stalk-
ing in violation of an order of protection.

The legislature also finds that criminal acts involving violence and
intolerance at health care facilities and places of religious worship
have become more prevalent in recent years. Medical clinics, physicians'
offices and other facilities throughout the state have become targets in
a campaign of obstruction and terrorism aimed at closing the facilities
and intimidating those who seek to obtain or provide reproductive health
services. In addition, places of religious worship have regrettably been
targets of vandals thereby threatening these havens of peaceful prayer
and meditation. Despite the passage of a 1994 federal law that makes it
a federal crime for a person to deny access to or vandalize health care
facilities and places of religious worship, state legislation is neces-
sary to supplement federal law by empowering state and local officials
to assist in combating violence and acts of vandalism at health care
facilities and places of religious worship. It is therefore the intent
of the legislature to provide state criminal penalties against anyone
who, by force or threat of force or by physical obstruction, inten-
tionally injures, intimidates or interferes with another person or
attempts to injure, intimidate or interfere with another person, because
such other person was or is seeking to obtain or provide or assist in
the provision of reproductive health services or exercise the right of
religious freedom.

§ 3. The opening paragraph of subdivision 1 of section 530.11 of the
criminal procedure law, as amended by chapter 125 of the laws of 1999,
is amended to read as follows:
The family court and the criminal courts shall have concurrent juris-
diction over any proceeding concerning acts which would constitute
disorderly conduct, harassment in the first degree, harassment in the
second degree, aggravated harassment in the second degree, stalking in
the first degree, stalking in the second degree, stalking in the third
degree, stalking in the fourth degree, menacing in the second degree,
menacing in the third degree, reckless endangerment, assault in the
second degree, assault in the third degree or an attempted assault
between spouses or former spouses, or between parent and child or
between members of the same family or household except that if the
respondent would not be criminally responsible by reason of age pursuant
to section 30.00 of the penal law, then the family court shall have
exclusive jurisdiction over such proceeding. Notwithstanding a
complainant's election to proceed in family court, the criminal court
shall not be divested of jurisdiction to hear a family offense proceed-
ing pursuant to this section. For purposes of this section, "disorderly
conduct" includes disorderly conduct not in a public place. For purposes
of this section, "members of the same family or household" with respect
to a proceeding in the criminal courts shall mean the following:

§ 4. Paragraph (a) of subdivision 1 and paragraph (a) of subdivision 3
of section 530.14 of the criminal procedure law, as added by chapter 644
of the laws of 1996, are amended to read as follows:
(a) the court shall suspend any such existing license possessed by the
defendant, order the defendant ineligible for such a license and order
the immediate surrender of any or all firearms owned or possessed where
the court receives information that gives the court good cause to
believe that (i) the defendant has a prior conviction of any violent
felony offense as defined in section 70.02 of the penal law; [or] (ii)
the defendant has previously been found to have willfully failed to obey
a prior order of protection and such willful failure involved (A) the
infliction of serious injury, as defined in subdivision ten of section
10.00 of the penal law, (B) the use or threatened use of a deadly weapon
or dangerous instrument as those terms are defined in subdivisions
twelve and thirteen of section 10.00 of the penal law, or (C) behavior
constituting any violent felony offense as defined in section 70.02 of
the penal law; or (iii) the defendant has a prior conviction for stalk-
ing in the first degree as defined in section 120.60 of the penal law,
stalking in the second degree as defined in section 120.55 of the penal
law, stalking in the third degree as defined in section 120.50 of the
penal law or stalking in the fourth degree as defined in section 120.45
of such law; and
(a) the court shall revoke any such existing license possessed by the
defendant, order the defendant ineligible for such a license and order
the immediate surrender of any or all firearms owned or possessed where
the willful failure to obey such order involved (i) the infliction of
serious physical injury, as defined in subdivision ten of section 10.00
of the penal law, (ii) the use or threatened use of a deadly weapon or
dangerous instrument as those terms are defined in subdivisions twelve
and thirteen of section 10.00 of the penal law, [or] (iii) behavior
constituting any violent felony offense as defined in section 70.02 of
the penal law; or (iv) behavior constituting stalking in the first
degree as defined in section 120.60 of the penal law, stalking in the
second degree as defined in section 120.55 of the penal law, stalking in
the third degree as defined in section 120.50 of the penal law or stalk-
ing in the fourth degree as defined in section 120.45 of such law; and

§ 5. Subdivision 8 of section 700.05 of the criminal procedure law is
amended by adding a new paragraph (p) to read as follows:
(p) Stalking in the second degree as defined in section 120.55 of the
penal law, and stalking in the first degree as defined in section 120.60
of the penal law.

§ 6. Subdivision 12 of section 631 of the executive law, as added by
chapter 443 of the laws of 1998, is amended to read as follows:
12. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivisions one, two and three
of this section, an individual who was a victim of either the crime of
menacing in the second degree as defined in subdivision two or three of
section 120.14 of the penal law, menacing in the first degree as defined
in section 120.13 of the penal law, harassment in the second degree as
defined in subdivision two or three of section 240.26 of the penal law,
harassment in the first degree as defined in section 240.25 of the penal
law, harassment in the second degree as defined in subdivision four of
section 240.30 of the penal law, aggravated harassment in the first
degree as defined in subdivision two of section 240.31 of the penal law,
criminal contempt in the first degree as defined in paragraph (ii) or
(iv) of subdivision (b) or subdivision (c) of section 215.51 of the
penal law or stalking in the fourth, third, second or first degree as
defined in sections 120.45, 120.50, 120.55 and 120.60 of the penal law,
respectively, who has not been physically injured as a direct result of
such crime shall only be eligible for an award that includes loss of
earning or support, the unreimbursed cost of repair or replacement of
essential personal property that has been lost, damaged or destroyed as
a direct result of such crime, the unreimbursed cost for security
devices to enhance the personal protection of such victim, transporta-
tion expenses incurred for necessary court expenses in connection with
the prosecution of such crime, the unreimbursed costs of counseling
provided to such victim on account of mental or emotional stress result-
ing from the incident in which the crime occurred, and for occupational
or job training.

§ 7. The opening paragraph of subdivision 1 of section 812 of the
family court act, as amended by chapter 125 of the laws of 1999, is
amended to read as follows:
The family court and the criminal courts shall have concurrent juris-
diction over any proceeding concerning acts which would constitute
disorderly conduct, harassment in the first degree, harassment in the
second degree, aggravated harassment in the second degree, stalking in
the first degree, stalking in the second degree, stalking in the third
degree, stalking in the fourth degree, menacing in the second degree,
menacing in the third degree, reckless endangerment, assault in the
second degree, assault in the third degree or an attempted assault
between spouses or former spouses, or between parent and child or
between members of the same family or household except that if the
respondent would not be criminally responsible by reason of age pursuant
to section 30.00 of the penal law, then the family court shall have
exclusive jurisdiction over such proceeding. Notwithstanding a
complainant's election to proceed in family court, the criminal court
shall not be divested of jurisdiction to hear a family offense proceed-
ing pursuant to this section. For purposes of this article, "disorderly
conduct" includes disorderly conduct not in a public place. For purposes
of this article, "members of the same family or household" shall mean
the following:

§ 8. Paragraph (a) of subdivision 1 of section 821 of the family court
act, as amended by chapter 948 of the laws of 1984, is amended to read
as follows:
(a) An allegation that the respondent assaulted or attempted to
assault his or her spouse, or former spouse, parent, child or other
member of the same family or household or engaged in disorderly conduct,
harassment, stalking, menacing or reckless endangerment toward any such
person; and

§ 9. Paragraph (a) of subdivision 1 and paragraph (a) of subdivision 3
of section 842-a of the family court act, as added by chapter 644 of the
laws of 1996, are amended to read as follows:
(a) the court shall suspend any such existing license possessed by the
respondent, order the respondent ineligible for such a license, and
order the immediate surrender of any or all firearms owned or possessed
where the court receives information that gives the court good cause to
believe that: (i) the respondent has a prior conviction of any violent
felony offense as defined in section 70.02 of the penal law; [or] (ii)
the respondent has previously been found to have willfully failed to
obey a prior order of protection and such willful failure involved (A)
the infliction of serious injury, as defined in subdivision ten of
section 10.00 of the penal law, (B) the use or threatened use of a dead-
ly weapon or dangerous instrument as those terms are defined in subdivi-
sions twelve and thirteen of section 10.00 of the penal law, or (C)
behavior constituting any violent felony offense as defined in section
70.02 of the penal law; or (iii) the respondent has a prior conviction
for stalking in the first degree as defined in section 120.60 of the
penal law, stalking in the second degree as defined in section 120.55 of
the penal law, stalking in the third degree as defined in section
120.50 of the penal law or stalking in the fourth degree as defined in
section 120.45 of such law; and
(a) the court shall revoke any such existing license possessed by the
respondent, order the respondent ineligible for such a license, and
order the immediate surrender of any or all firearms owned or possessed
where the willful failure to obey such order involves (i) the infliction
of serious physical injury, as defined in subdivision ten of section
10.00 of the penal law, (ii) the use or threatened use of a deadly weap-
on or dangerous instrument as those terms are defined in subdivisions
twelve and thirteen of section 10.00 of the penal law, or (iii) behavior
constituting any violent felony offense as defined in section 70.02 of
the penal law; or (iv) behavior constituting stalking in the first
degree as defined in section 120.60 of the penal law, stalking in the
second degree as defined in section 120.55 of the penal law, stalking in
the third degree as defined in section 120.50 of the penal law or stalk-
ing in the fourth degree as defined in section 120.45 of such law; and

§ 10. Paragraph (c) of subdivision 1 of section 70.02 of the penal
law, as amended by chapter 33 of the laws of 1999, is amended to read as
follows:
(c) Class D violent felony offenses: an attempt to commit any of the
class C felonies set forth in paragraph (b); assault in the second
degree as defined in section 120.05, stalking in the first degree, as
defined in subdivision one of section 120.60, sexual abuse in the first
degree as defined in section 130.65, course of sexual conduct against a
child in the second degree as defined in section 130.80, aggravated
sexual abuse in the third degree as defined in section 130.66, criminal
possession of a weapon in the third degree as defined in subdivisions
four, five and six of section 265.02, and intimidating a victim or
witness in the second degree as defined in section 215.16.

§ 11. Paragraph (b) of subdivision 17 of section 265.00 of the penal
law, as added by chapter 1041 of the laws of 1974, is amended to read as
follows:
(b) any of the following offenses defined in the penal law: illegally
using, carrying or possessing a pistol or other dangerous weapon;
possession of burglar's tools; criminal possession of stolen property in
the third degree; escape in the third degree; jostling; fraudulent
accosting; that kind of loitering defined in subdivision three of
section 240.35; endangering the welfare of a child; the offenses defined
in article two hundred thirty-five; issuing abortional articles; permit-
ting prostitution; promoting prostitution in the third degree; stalking
in the fourth degree; stalking in the third degree; the offenses defined
in article one hundred thirty; the offenses defined in article two
hundred twenty.

§ 12. Section 5.10 of the penal law is amended by adding a new subdi-
vision 4 to read as follows:
4. Sections 120.45, 120.50, 120.55 and 120.60, section 240.25 and
sections 240.70 and 240.71 of this chapter (a) do not apply to conduct
which is otherwise lawful under the provisions of the National Labor
Relations Act as amended, the National Railway Labor Act as amended, or
the Federal Employment Labor Management Act as amended, and (b) do not
bar any conduct, including, but not limited to, peaceful picketing or
other peaceful demonstration, protected from legal prohibition by the
federal and state constitutions.

§ 13. The penal law is amended by adding five new sections 120.40,
120.45, 120.50, 120.55 and 120.60 to read as follows:
§ 120.40 Definitions.
For purposes of sections 120.45, 120.50, 120.55 and 120.60 of this
article:
1. "Kidnapping" shall mean a kidnapping crime defined in article one
hundred thirty-five of this chapter.
2. "Unlawful imprisonment" shall mean an unlawful imprisonment felony
crime defined in article one hundred thirty-five of this chapter.
3. "Sex offense" shall mean a felony defined in article one hundred
thirty of this chapter, sexual misconduct, as defined in section 130.20
of this chapter, sexual abuse in the third degree as defined in section
130.55 of this chapter or sexual abuse in the second degree as defined
in section 130.60 of this chapter.
4. "Immediate family" means the spouse, former spouse, parent, child,
sibling, or any other person who regularly resides or has regularly
resided in the household of a person.
5. "Specified predicate crime" means:
a. a violent felony offense;
b. a crime defined in section 130.20, 130.25, 130.30, 130.40, 130.45,
130.55, 130.60, 130.70 or 255.25;
c. assault in the third degree, as defined in section 120.00; menacing
in the first degree, as defined in section 120.13; menacing in the
second degree, as defined in section 120.14; coercion in the first
degree, as defined in section 135.65; coercion in the second degree, as
defined in section 135.60; aggravated harassment in the second degree,
as defined in section 240.30; harassment in the first degree, as defined
in section 240.25; menacing in the third degree, as defined in section
120.15; criminal mischief in the third degree, as defined in section
145.05; criminal mischief in the second degree, as defined in section
145.10, criminal mischief in the first degree, as defined in section
145.12; criminal tampering in the first degree, as defined in section
145.20; arson in the fourth degree, as defined in section 150.05; arson
in the third degree, as defined in section 150.10; criminal contempt in
the first degree, as defined in section 215.51; endangering the welfare
of a child, as defined in section 260.10; or
d. stalking in the fourth degree, as defined in section 120.45; stalk-
ing in the third degree, as defined in section 120.50; stalking in the
second degree, as defined in section 120.55; or
e. an offense in any other jurisdiction which includes all of the
essential elements of any such crime for which a sentence to a term of
imprisonment in excess of one year or a sentence of death was authorized
and is authorized in this state irrespective of whether such sentence
was imposed.
§ 120.45 Stalking in the fourth degree.
A person is guilty of stalking in the fourth degree when he or she
intentionally, and for no legitimate purpose, engages in a course of
conduct directed at a specific person, and knows or reasonably should
know that such conduct:
1. is likely to cause reasonable fear of material harm to the physical
health, safety or property of such person, a member of such person's
immediate family or a third party with whom such person is acquainted;
or
2. causes material harm to the mental or emotional health of such
person, where such conduct consists of following, telephoning or initi-
ating communication or contact with such person, a member of such
person's immediate family or a third party with whom such person is
acquainted, and the actor was previously clearly informed to cease that
conduct; or
3. is likely to cause such person to reasonably fear that his or her
employment, business or career is threatened, where such conduct
consists of appearing, telephoning or initiating communication or
contact at such person's place of employment or business, and the actor
was previously clearly informed to cease that conduct.
Stalking in the fourth degree is a class B misdemeanor.
§ 120.50 Stalking in the third degree.
A person is guilty of stalking in the third degree when he or she:
1. Commits the crime of stalking in the fourth degree in violation of
section 120.45 of this article against three or more persons, in three
or more separate transactions, for which the actor has not been previ-
ously convicted; or
2. Commits the crime of stalking in the fourth degree in violation of
section 120.45 of this article against any person, and has previously
been convicted, within the preceding ten years of a specified predicate
crime, as defined in subdivision five of section 120.40 of this article,
and the victim of such specified predicate crime is the victim, or an
immediate family member of the victim, of the present offense; or
3. With intent to harass, annoy or alarm a specific person, inten-
tionally engages in a course of conduct directed at such person which is
likely to cause such person to reasonably fear physical injury or seri-
ous physical injury, the commission of a sex offense against, or the
kidnapping, unlawful imprisonment or death of such person or a member of
such person's immediate family; or
4. Commits the crime of stalking in the fourth degree and has previ-
ously been convicted within the preceding ten years of stalking in the
fourth degree.
Stalking in the third degree is a class A misdemeanor.
§ 120.55 Stalking in the second degree.
A person is guilty of stalking in the second degree when he or she:
1. Commits the crime of stalking in the third degree as defined in
subdivision three of section 120.50 of this article and in the course of
and in furtherance of the commission of such offense: (i) displays, or
possesses and threatens the use of, a firearm, pistol, revolver, rifle,
shotgun, machine gun, electronic dart gun, electronic stun gun, cane
sword, billy, blackjack, bludgeon, metal knuckles, chuka stick, sand
bag, sandclub, slingshot, slug shot, shirker, "Kung Fu Star", dagger,
dangerous knife, dirk, razor, stiletto, imitation pistol, dangerous
instrument, deadly instrument or deadly weapon; or (ii) displays what
appears to be a pistol, revolver, rifle, shotgun, machine gun or other
firearm; or
2. Commits the crime of stalking in the third degree in violation of
subdivision three of section 120.50 of this article against any person,
and has previously been convicted, within the preceding five years, of a
specified predicate crime as defined in subdivision five of section
120.40 of this article, and the victim of such specified predicate crime
is the victim, or an immediate family member of the victim, of the pres-
ent offense; or
3. Commits the crime of stalking in the fourth degree and has previ-
ously been convicted of stalking in the third degree as defined in
subdivision four of section 120.50 of this article against any person;
or
4. Being twenty-one years of age or older, repeatedly follows a person
under the age of fourteen or engages in a course of conduct or repeated-
ly commits acts over a period of time intentionally placing or attempt-
ing to place such person who is under the age of fourteen in reasonable
fear of physical injury, serious physical injury or death.
Stalking in the second degree is a class E felony.
§ 120.60 Stalking in the first degree.
A person is guilty of stalking in the first degree when he or she
commits the crime of stalking in the third degree as defined in subdivi-
sion three of section 120.50 of this article and, in the course and
furtherance thereof, he or she:
1. intentionally or recklessly causes physical injury to such person;
or
2. commits a class A misdemeanor defined in article 130 of this chap-
ter, or a class E felony defined in setion 130.25, 130.40 or 130.85 of
this chapter, or a class D felony described in section 130.30 or 130.45
of this chapter.
Stalking in the first degree is a class D felony.
§ 14. The penal law is amended by adding two new sections 240.70 and
240.71 to read as follows:
§ 240.70 Criminal interference with health care services or religious
worship in the second degree.
1. A person is guilty of criminal interference with health services or
religious worship in the second degree when:
(a) by force or threat of force or by physical obstruction, he or she
intentionally injures, intimidates or interferes with, or attempts to
injure, intimidate or interfere with, another person because such other
person was or is obtaining or providing reproductive health services; or
(b) by force or threat of force or by physical obstruction, he or she
intentionally injures, intimidates or interferes with, or attempts to
injure, intimidate or interfere with, another person in order to
discourage such other person or any other person or persons from obtain-
ing or providing reproductive health services; or
(c) by force or threat of force or by physical obstruction, he or she
intentionally injures, intimidates or interferes with, or attempts to
injure, intimidate or interfere with, another person because such person
was or is seeking to exercise the right of religious freedom at a place
of religious worship; or
(d) he or she intentionally damages the property of a health care
facility, or attempts to do so, because such facility provides reproduc-
tive health services, or intentionally damages the property of a place
of religious worship.
2. A parent or legal guardian of a minor shall not be subject to pros-
ecution for conduct otherwise prohibited by paragraph (a) or (b) of
subdivision one of this section which is directed exclusively at such
minor.
3. For purposes of this section:
(a) the term "health care facility" means a hospital, clinic, physi-
cian's office or other facility that provides reproductive health
services, and includes the building or structure in which the facility
is located;
(b) the term "interferes with" means to restrict a person's freedom of
movement;
(c) the term "intimidates" means to place a person in reasonable
apprehension of physical injury to himself or herself or to another
person;
(d) the term "physical obstruction" means rendering impassable ingress
to or egress from a facility that provides reproductive health services
or to or from a place of religious worship, or rendering passage to or
from such a facility or place of religious worship unreasonably diffi-
cult or hazardous; and
(e) the term "reproductive health services" means health care services
provided in a hospital, clinic, physician's office or other facility and
includes medical, surgical, counseling or referral services relating to
the human reproductive system, including services relating to pregnancy
or the termination of a pregnancy.
Criminal interference with health care services or religious worship
in the second degree is a class A misdemeanor.
§ 240.71 Criminal interference with health care services or religious
worship in the first degree.
A person is guilty of criminal interference with health care services
or religious worship in the first degree when he or she commits the
crime of criminal interference with health care services or religious
worship in the second degree and has been previously convicted of the
crime of criminal interference with health care services or religious
worship in the first or second degree.
Criminal interference with health care services or religious worship
in the first degree is a class E felony.
§ 15. Paragraph (b) of subdivision 17 of section 265.00 of the penal
law, as added by chapter 1041 of the laws of 1974, is amended to read as
follows:
(b) any of the following offenses defined in the penal law: illegally
using, carrying or possessing a pistol or other dangerous weapon;
possession of burglar's tools; criminal possession of stolen property in
the third degree; escape in the third degree; jostling; fraudulent
accosting; that kind of loitering defined in subdivision three of
section 240.35; endangering the welfare of a child; the offenses defined
in article two hundred thirty-five; issuing abortional articles; permit-
ting prostitution; promoting prostitution in the third degree; stalking
in the third degree; stalking in the fourth degree; the offenses defined
in article one hundred thirty; the offenses defined in article two
hundred twenty.
§ 16. The civil rights law is amended by adding a new section 79-m to
read as follows:
§ 79-m. Criminal interference with health care services or religious
worship; injunction. Whenever the attorney general or district attorney
of the county where the affected health care facility or place of reli-
gious worship is located has reasonable cause to believe that any person
or group of persons is being, has been, or may be injured by conduct
constituting a violation of section 240.70 or 240.71 of the penal law,
the attorney general or district attorney may bring an action in the
name of the people of the state of New York to permanently enjoin such
violation. In such action preliminary and temporary relief may be grant-
ed under article sixty-three of the civil practice law and rules.
§ 17. Nothing contained in this act shall be construed to eliminate,
limit or impair any sanction or remedy not provided by the provisions of
this act which is otherwise available to punish or prohibit the criminal
interference with health care services or religious worship.
§ 18. Severability. If any item, clause, sentence, subparagraph,
subdivision, section or other part of this act, or the application ther-
eof to any person or circumstances shall be held to be invalid, such
holding shall not affect, impair or invalidate the remainder of this
act, or the application of such section or part of a section held inval-
id, to any other person or circumstances, but shall be confined in its
operation to the item, clause, sentence, subparagraph, subdivision,
section or other part of this act directly involved in such holding, or
to the person and circumstances therein involved.
§ 19. This act shall take effect on December 1, 1999.
The Legislature of the STATE OF NEW YORK ss:
Pursuant to the authority vested in us by section 70-b of the Public
Officers Law, we hereby jointly certify that this slip copy of this
session law was printed under our direction and, in accordance with such
section, is entitled to be read into evidence.

JOSEPH L. BRUNO
Temporary President of the Senate

SHELDON SILVER
Speaker of the Assembly