PUBLIC DISPLAY OF NOOSE CRIME

LAWS OF NEW YORK, 2008
CHAPTER 74

AN ACT to amend the penal law, in relation to aggravated harassment in
the first degree by etching, painting, drawing or otherwise placing or
displaying a noose, a symbol of racism and intimidation, on real property

Became a law May 7, 2008, with the approval of the Governor.
Passed by a majority vote, three-fifths being present.

The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
bly, do enact as follows:

Section 1. Subdivisions 3 and 4 of section 240.31 of the penal law, as
amended by chapter 49 of the laws of 2006, are amended and a new subdi-
vision 5 is added to read as follows:
3. Etches, paints, draws upon or otherwise places a swastika, commonly
exhibited as the emblem of Nazi Germany, on any building or other real
property, public or private, owned by any person, firm or corporation or
any public agency or instrumentality, without express permission of the
owner or operator of such building or real property; [or]
4. Sets on fire a cross in public view[.]; or
5. Etches, paints, draws upon or otherwise places or displays a noose,
commonly exhibited as a symbol of racism and intimidation, on any build-
ing or other real property, public or private, owned by any person, firm
or corporation or any public agency or instrumentality, without express
permission of the owner or operator of such building or real property.
§ 2. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed-
ing the date on which it shall have become a law.

The Legislature of the STATE OF NEW YORK ss:
Pursuant to the authority vested in us by section 70-b of the Public
Officers Law, we hereby jointly certify that this slip copy of this
session law was printed under our direction and, in accordance with such
section, is entitled to be read into evidence.

JOSEPH L. BRUNO
Temporary President of the Senate
SHELDON SILVER
Speaker of the Assembly